■"Knowledge Creation Process in Science: Key Comparative Findings from the Hitotsubashi-NISTEP-Georgia Tech Scientists' Survey in Japan and the US"Nagaoka, Sadao, Masatsura Igami, John P. Walsh and Tomohiro Ijichi
IIR Working Paper WP#11-09，October 2011
This paper reports the initial findings from large scale surveys of the scientists based in Japan and the US on the knowledge creation process in science from a comparative perspective. The survey in Japan was jointly conducted by the Institute of Innovation Research (IIR) of Hitotsubashi University and the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) from the end of 2009 to the summer 2010. The survey in the US was implemented by the Georgia Institute of Technology, in collaboration with IIR and NISTEP, from autumn 2010 to early 2011. It collected around 2,100 responses from scientists in Japan and 2,300 responses from scientists in the US on their research projects that generated the scientific papers subjected to the surveys.